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Ngā Tohuwhenua Mai Te Rangi: A New Zealand Archeology in Aerial Photographs

Wairoa River

Wairoa River

Sites in the Wairoa River valley were surveyed and mapped by David Nevin in 1987. 6 Site types and their locations were similar to those of Uawa or Waipāoa on the East Coast, although a greater number of pā still survive on the edges of the alluvial terraces. On the ridges near the river valley are many groups of storage pits. Further inland, sites are recorded on high terraces close to the valley floor as far inland Tuai, below Lake Waikaremoana. The toe of the large landslip near Tuai, which created the lake, is curiously configured with low hillocks and large rocks. Interspersed in this largely unploughable country are a number of small well-preserved pit and terrace groups, at the limits of their inland distribution. At the Tiniroto Lakes and Reinga Falls are several pā and other positions defended by Ngāti Kahungūnu against attacks by Tūhoe in the 1830s. 7